- What is Construction Project Management?
- The Construction Project Manager
- Key Principles of Construction Project Management
- The 4 Stages of Construction Project Management
- Construction Project Management Tools
- Types of Construction Project Management
- Construction Project Management Plans
- Unique Challenges of Construction Project Management
Construction projects are highly structured endeavors, whether that’s building a shopping mall or a single-dwelling residence. They have a lot of moving parts and people that must be precisely coordinated.
Just like any other project, construction project management has phases, from design to planning to scheduling to the build itself. Each of these phases are complicated enough by themselves, but in congress with the whole project, they grow exponentially more complex.
That’s why there’s project management software. But is a project management software robust and dynamic enough to carry the weight of a construction project? Before answering that question, it’s important to first have an understanding of what exactly construction project management is.
What is Construction Project Management?
In brief, construction project management is the process of managing construction projects. But when you’re talking about managing a construction project in comparison to other types of projects, the distinction is mostly that construction is mission-based. That means that the project’s organization ends with the end of the project build.
While generally project management is defined as managing resources over the life cycle of a project through various tools and methodologies to control scope, cost, time, quality, etc—when working in the construction industry your outlook must be broader. It usually includes a wider variety of constraints to consider that are specific to the design and build of construction projects. Construction project management can interact with a variety of different disciplines in the lifetime of a project as well, from architecture to engineering to public works to city planning.
Types of Construction Projects
There are a variety of different types of construction projects, depending on the different construction sectors. There are two sectors in construction: residential and commercial. Depending on the sector, there can be up to four different types of projects:
- Residential home building and renovation
- Heavy industrial construction
- Commercial and institutional construction
- Engineering construction
That means there are a wide variety of types of construction projects that require construction management in order to be successful. Construction management might be required for a simple home to a large bridge, from engineering a dam build to an airport seismic retrofit project. Construction project managers, then, manage the beginning and end of a project build, often managing on-site to ensure the safe, successful construction.
The Construction Project Manager
Construction project management is run by a construction project manager. This person is tasked with the planning, coordination, budgeting and supervision of the construction project.
Construction project manager responsible for the following tasks:
- Estimate and negotiate project costs
- Formulate budget
- Create schedule and work timetables
- Determine which methods and strategies are appropriate for the project
- Communicate with clients and stakeholders, re. budget, progress, etc.
- Lead or interface with workers, teams and other construction professions on technical and contract details
- Work with building, construction and regulatory specialists
Key Principles of Construction Project Management
Construction project management requires a broad variety of skills, along with the ability to interface with a diverse range of agencies and people in order to lead the project from concept to build. It’s important that construction project managers follow the principles of project management during every phase of the project.
Conceiving and Initiating the Project
You can’t start a project unless you know you’ll be able to finish it. First comes the due diligence to determine if the project is even feasible. How do you figure this out? You want to go through a feasibility study or what is often called a business case, in which you look at the goals, cost and timeline to see if you have resources to reach a successful project end within those constraints. You also want to define the reasoning behind the project and make sure it’s sound. If so, then you create your project charter to help initiate the project. You’ll also identify potential issues and risks in this phase.
Define and Plan the Project
You have approval, now how are you going to achieve success? Outline the tasks within the timeline, noting project milestones, and the resources needed to do those tasks within the budget allotted. Be transparent in your plan, so everyone is on the same page and understands what needs to be done over the life cycle of the project. That includes detailing the cost, scope, duration, quality and communications used in the project. This is also when you’ll be able to conceptualize the best team for the project and begin the process of assembling them.
Launch the Project
Now you’re executing the project, taking the plan and implementing it, along with all the changes and issues that can arise during such a process. Whatever deliverables you promised must come through in the timeframe you noted. Now you must deal with stakeholders and customers and teams. The latter have tasks must be completed, which means workload management and resource allocation. You’ll be setting up meetings and reporting frequently throughout this stage. This is where your project management tool will really be tested, but more on that later.
Track Project Performance
You can’t know the progress of your project if you don’t have a way to monitor it. You’ll be doing this during the previous stages of the project, but it’s important enough to demand its own separate stage in your management. You’ll want to have a way to note the progress, which is why you need to set up key performance indicators for cost, time and quality. If you can stay on top of these figures, it’s less likely you’ll manage a failing project. Therefore, stay flexible and communicative throughout so you can adapt quickly to change when it occurs, and it always occurs.
The 4 Stages of Construction Project Management
When you’re managing a construction job there are certain objectives you should consider. You reach them in stages. Just like in any project, you accomplish it by breaking it down. The following are four steps you can take to organize a successful construction project management project.
There are four parts to designing a construction project. It’s the responsibility of the project manager to make sure your design meets with building codes and other regulations.
- The concept. What are the needs, goals and objectives of the project? You’ll be making decisions based on the size of the project, the site allocated for the build and the actual design of what your building. This is comprised of a list for each room or space under consideration, including all critical data.
- The schematic design. This is a sketch that identifies all the various parts, materials, sizes, colors, textures, etc. It includes the floorplan, elevations, etc., even a site plan.
- Develop the design. This requires research. What are the materials to use? What equipment will be needed? How much are the materials? You’ll be refining the original drawings from the previous stage now to reflect these decisions. Knowing local building codes and adhering to them will be important at this stage.
- Get the contract documents together. These are the final drawing and construction specs. These will be used by outside contractors to bid on the job.
Once the bids are accepted, but before ground is broken, you’ll have these three steps to work on.
- Assign a project manager. Do this if it hasn’t already been determined. Sometimes a project manager is on board early and participates in the first stages of a project, while other times they aren’t hired until the design is complete.
- Determine the rest of the personnel. Find a contract administrator: this is the person who help the project manager. A superintendent is needed now, as well, who keeps everything on schedule in terms of the materials, deliveries and equipment. They’re also on site to deal with construction activities. Finally, you want to have a field engineer, which is more an entry-level position to deal with paperwork.
- Investigate the site. Check to see if anything needed. The site must be ready for the construction, which might mean dealing with environmental issues, such as the suitability of the soil for construction.
You have people and you’ve planned for the construction and materials necessary to complete it. Now you must purchase those materials and equipment. This might be the responsibility of the general contractor or subcontractors, depending on the organization of the business doing the construction.
This is the stage you’ll be working with purchase orders, which are used as an agreement between the buyer and the seller.
Finally, you’re ready for the build! But first you have a preconstruction meeting to deal with work hours, the storage of materials, quality control and site access. Then get everyone on site and set up.
You’ll need to create a schedule of payment and a process to deliver them. This information needs to be transparent, not only to meet financial obligations, but to maintain a happy and productive workforce and environment.
The last part of the project is after the construction is complete and the occupants move into or take ownership of the site. You must make sure all their requirements have been met, and usually provide a warranty period to make that arrangement official and binding.
Construction Project Management Tools
Just as you need the right tools to build a structure, you need the right tools to manage that construction. ProjectManager.com provides construction project scheduling, construction project planning, construction vendor management, cost management in construction projects and other features that allow you to work more efficiently and productively.
When you work with an interactive online software construction like ProjectManager.com, project management becomes that much easier. You create a platform on which teams can collaborate and assigning them tasks and tracking progress becomes that simpler. You need a construction management solution that has the following features:
- Gantt charts
- Team scheduling
- Resource allocation & management
- Task lists
- Online file storage
- Email alerts
- Mobile app
ProjectManager.com has an online Gantt chart, which provides a visual timeline for your construction project. It also makes editing construction project schedules super easy. You simply drag and drop a task bar to change the task’s deadline, and you can also see the actual progress in real time as the task bar is shaded each time the status is updated.
Also look for a Gantt chart with task dependencies, so you can connect dependent tasks like steel delivery with the build phase automatically. That way, everyone knows the status of the different phases and aspects of the project.
Team scheduling and resource management are other essential features you’ll want, to help you chart the availability, skill set, cost and allocation of your workforce and your construction materials in real-time.
You can also monitor their workload and create calendars to help you manage team members’ hours, knowing when they’re going to be out, so you can plan. It also helps with tracking other resources and their costs, such as construction equipment rentals.
Another way to manage your team’s hours is through timesheets. No matter where your team is located, either onsite or in the office, they can update their timesheets fast. They submit in seconds, and managers can easily review and approve all with a keystroke. And you can notify them that timesheets are due with automated emails.
Not only your team, but the many vendors you employ on a construction project can be managed anywhere and at any time, with the cloud-based construction project management software from ProjectManager.com. They can send updates while in the field and you can monitor their progress, track costs and performance.
Construction software from ProjectManager.com is cloud-based and gives you unlimited file storage for all your documents, and there are even more documents in a construction project than the already paper-heavy regular project. You can then attach those files as needed to any communication or even task, and track updates to the documents.
Types of Construction Project Management
When looking into how to break down construction project management into types of projects, one must go to the source. There are three types of construction, in general, and they are buildings, infrastructure and industrial. The distinction can be further divided by residential and nonresidential.
From the three general types of construction, seven subsets can be listed.
- Heavy Civil
Construction project management is broken down into 10 markets.
- Hazardous Waste
Construction Project Management Plans
Construction is a more traditional project and most projects in construction project management use the waterfall methodology. This is a technique with clear milestones, tasks with set due dates, deliverables and expectations from the client or stakeholder. All this is organized on a timeline.
Waterfall offers a systematic approach, which lends itself to most construction projects. You can built a skyscraper without first digging a hole to create the foundation to support it. Waterfall and construction work so well together because both use a sequential process.
The term waterfall illustrates the process of the methodology, which is one that moves downhill towards completion. Each stage or phase of the project moves the process to the next point, which aligns with construction’s methodology. You can’t design a building until you know the requirements. Therefore, in waterfall as in construction projects, you can’t move onto the next step until the one you’re working on is complete.
The benefit of this for construction management teams is that it allows them the time to focus on one aspect of the project at a time. This makes for a quality product at every stage of the build. Also, working with a waterfall model offers the attention to detail that keeps small things from falling through the cracks and being overlooked, which can have a devastating effect later in the project.
Unique Challenges of Construction Project Management
Like any project, construction project management has hurdles to clear, some of which are common and other unique to the field. For example, having undefined goals. This is usually a communication problem.
Another issue is scope changes or scope creep, which means that scope is moving past what had originally be planned for. This will ding your budget, so any change requests must be carefully regarded as to whether they’re worth implementing or not.
Having the wrong team or a team that is not skilled to the level that the project requires is a problem with construction project management, as the skills are varied. Training before the start of a project is crucial.
Another key to a successful construction project is accountability. There are many teams working separately but together for the greater good of the project. However, if team members are willing to take responsibility for those tasks assigned to them, the whole process can suffer. Strong leadership is the cure to this ill.
With construction project management, risk management is even more important than on other projects. There are issues with safety that are more dangerous than risks that can impact other types of projects. Therefore, spending time with the team gathering their input as well as researching other sources is key to a strong risk management plan.
Things will go wrong, even with the best risk management plan in place, so having a contingency plan is critical. However, an ambiguous one is going to make a bad matter worse.
Poor communication is the death knell for any project, so is not having a strong engagement with the stakeholder. This is true in any project, and construction project management needs to always be aware of resource allocation, as there tend to be a lot of materials and equipment to manage.
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